Columbanus one of the greatest missionaries and monastic community builders of the Celtic church initiated a revival of spirituality on the European continent. He left Ireland in 590 with 12 monks. The Merovingian king Guntram granted him land in the Vosges Mountains in Gaul, where he established several monasteries, including the great intellectual and religious house at Luxeuil (.(nearFontaine, France).
Luxeuil became a monastic hotbed. From its walls went out many who carried the Gospel and Columbanus' monastic vision into France, Germany, Switzerland, and Italy. There are said to have been sixty-three such men (Stokes, Forests of France, 254). These disciples of Columbanus are accredited with founding over one hundred different monasteries (ib., 74).
Columbanus' example of monastic and missionary enterprise became the protoype so eagerly followed by such English and Irish Saints as Killian, Virgilius, Donatus, Wilfrid, Willibrord, Swithbert, Boniface, and Ursicinus of Saint-Ursanne who Columbanus preceded to Europe.
He composed a comprehensive rule for monks, The Monastic Rule of St. Columbanus is much shorter than the Benedictine Rule, consisting of only ten chapters. The first six chapters the Benedictine and Columbian codes cover the same issues,obidence, silence food, poverty, humility, chastity and fasting. The rule was approved by the council of Macon in 627. By 700 it was surpassed in usage by the longer and less austere rule of St. Benedict. For several centuries in some of the greater monasteries the two rules were observed conjointly.
composed from several sources
Photos : The basilica of San Colombano in Bibbio Italy and the rish chapel of St. columbanus as St Peters Basilica